Raising children differs greatly across Earth. The Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture reported that in the United States alone there are four parenting types. Depending on the culture, parenting is either individualistic or collective. Individualistic cultures, like that in the United States, tend to emphasize self-sufficiency and each child’s individual traits.
Meanwhile, collective cultures like in China instill the importance of inter dependability between members of the group. In a study done in the US, only twenty percent reported that tradition was emphasized in raising their children, while eighty percent stated that emphasis in raising their children was unrelated to custom or conformity. American parents tend to raise their child as independent and self-reliant while seeing their children as a potential leader in the career choice of the child’s choosing though freedom of choice.
Though, most cultures across the globe by far are collectivistic. The cultures of countries such as China and the Philippines train children to have values for obedience and politeness to everybody, especially family members. These practices put an emphasis on responsibility and respect towards others, avoiding disrespecting their own family or others.
The Chinese, in particular, are thought to observe their duty to their family and elders while also living harmoniously with those outside of the family. The individual is discouraged to express emotions outwardly as this could lead to threatening harmony. Similarly, families of the Philippines teach their young “hiya”, shame and a sense of propriety. This standard along with “pakikisama”, getting along with others even when their values are violated, both contribute to raising a respectful offspring that, in their culture, will not shame the individual or family. Although these differences exist, there are still many things in common. One thing that each culture does with the future generation is encourage good behavior and discourage the bad.